Thornaby C of E Primary School considers that Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) is an integral part of the Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) and Citizenship curriculum and is linked to that for Science. We aim to offer pupils a carefully planned programme on human development, relationships, sexuality and family life within a safe, comfortable atmosphere and in a relaxed relationship between teacher and pupil. The programme is set within a moral framework and matched to the pupils’ level of maturity. This policy reflects the requirements of the DCSF Sex and Relationship Education Guidance (2019). When we inform our children through sex education about sexual issues, we do this with regard to morality and individual responsibility, and in a way that allows children to ask and explore moral questions. We do not use sex education as a means of promoting any form of sexual orientation.


We teach RSE through different aspects of the curriculum and carry out the main RSE teaching in our PSHE curriculum. The scheme of work for RSE at Thornaby C of E Primary School maps out a grid of lessons/units for each year group which progresses and returns to themes as children move through the school.
We also teach RSE through other subject areas (eg Science, PE and R.E.), where we feel that they contribute significantly to a child’s knowledge and understanding of his or her own body, and how it is changing and developing. Linked with R.E. children reflect on family relationships, different family groups and friendship. They learn about rituals and traditions associated with birth, marriage and death and talk about the emotions involved. We regularly carry out a whole school Diversity week to highlight the diverse nature of our growing society.
Since SRE incorporates the development of self-esteem and relationships, pupils’ learning does not just take place through the taught curriculum but through all aspects of school life including the playground. It is important then that all staff understand they have a responsibility to implement this policy and promote the aims of the school at any time they are dealing with children.


Curriculum in Early Years
Our RSE curriculum within the Early Years focuses on children building and strengthening relationships both at home and at school and managing their own self- care.
Children will be taught:
• About the role of the family
• How to manage their feelings and emotions to form friendships
• How to live a healthy lifestyle
• To becoming more independent with their personal and hygiene needs.


Curriculum in Key Stage 1
Children will be taught:
• To use the correct terminology for main parts of the body, including external genitalia and that the parts of their bodies covered by underwear are private.
• The importance of self-hygiene.
• What is a family?
• How people grow and change as they move from young to old.
• How to respond if physical contact makes them feel uncomfortable or unsafe.
• How to resist pressure to do something if it makes them feel worried or unsafe (including secrets).
• About internet safety.
• About loss, change and bereavement.


Curriculum in Lower Key Stage 2
Children will be taught:
• How to recognise if a relationship is making them feel uncomfortable
• That their body belongs to them and should not be touched without their consent.
• To recognise and respond to peer pressure.
• How families differ from one another.
• About the right to privacy.
• That children have rights.
• About puberty and how their bodies change
• How to stay safe online and what to do if a situation makes them feel worried or scared.
• That the law exists to keep them safe.


Curriculum in Upper Key Stage 2
Children will be taught:
• How individuality and personal qualities make up someone’s identity.
• That there are a range of factors that influence a person’s identity.
• How to challenge stereotypes.
• About the different types of relationships people might have.
• How to recognise risk in relationships with others.
• How to respond to pressure, inappropriate contact or concerns about personal safety both online and in person.
• How positive relationships support well-being
• FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) is illegal and goes against a person’s human rights.
• That people have different relationships in their lives including romantic and intimate relationships.
• That people who are attracted to and love each other can be from any gender, ethnicity or faith.
• How puberty relates to growing from childhood to adulthood.
• About the reproductive organs and how babies are conceived.
• That there are ways to prevent a baby being made.


In Year 4 we place a particular emphasis on RSE, as many children begin to experience puberty at this age. We teach the children about the parts of the body and how they work. We also explain what will happen to their bodies during puberty.

We encourage the children to ask for help if they need it and there are opportunities for single sex question sessions. Teachers do their best to answer all questions with sensitivity and care. By the end of Key Stage 2, we ensure that both boys and girls know how babies are born, how their bodies change during puberty, what menstruation is, and how it affects women. We always teach these with due regard for the emotional development of the children.


• Children will form healthy relationships.
• Children will have a healthy respect for themselves and others.
• Children will understand and respect the differences between them.
• Children will understand the changes within their bodies as they grow and develop.
• Children will grow into understanding and respectful members of our community.


Relationships and sex Education Policy